An injury lawyer, also known as a personal injury lawyer, is a lawyer who provides legal representation to those who claim to have suffered an injury to the mind or body as a result of the negligence or wrongdoing of another.
Personal injury lawyers generally handle cases involving tort negligence. Types of cases include car accidents, pedestrian accidents, slip & fall accidents, truck accidents, accidental death, brain injury, wrongful death cases, medical malpractice, product liability and catastrophic injury.
The injury lawyer's goal is to make the injured party whole again by obtaining compensation or "damages" for the victim's losses. Damages include monetary damages, medical expenses, property damages, pain and suffering, loss of earnings capacity, emotional distress, loss of consortium or companionship, legal costs, attorney fees and punitive damages.
Personal injury lawyers usually take cases on a contingency fee basis. In this arrangement, the injured party only pays the lawyer if the lawyer obtains a favorable settlement or successful verdict. Contingent fees are generally calculated as a percentage of the client's total compensation after costs. Although statutes often regulate these fees in relation to the type of action and amount of recovery, the percentage is typically 30 to 40 percent. Some statutes cap lawsuits against governmental entities at 25%.